EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)
EMDR was developed by Francine Shapiro in the late 1980’s. Although EMDR was originally used to address PTSD symptoms in adults, EMDR is now widely used with children and youth. EMDR targets beliefs, sensations and feelings that perpetuate distress, and can alleviate distressing symptoms in about 6* sessions. Clients choose a modality that best suits them: eye movements, tactile (pulsers/”buzzes”, or tapping), or audio bilateral stimulation. EMDR processing follows completion of a trauma and attachment history and resource development.
*depends on complexity of the individual’s trauma history.
See What is EMDR? for a detailed description of the EMDR process.